Rutgers Pinelands Field Station Affiliated Publications (2000 onwards)



Bornholdt, J.W., Bornholdt, R., and Gray, D.M. (2017) Alien plant species establishment is associated with reduced soil acidity in the vicinity of concrete block structure. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 144:328-338.

Dighton, J. (2017) Fungal degradation of our cultural heritage In: The Fungal Community: its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. 4th Edition, ed. J. Dighton and J.W. White Jr., CRC Taylor and Francis pp. 501-508. 

Dighton, J. and White J.W. Jr. Eds. (2017) The Fungal Community: its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. 4th Edition, ed. J. Dighton and J.W. White Jr., CRC Taylor and Francis 

Luo, J., Walsh, E. Miller, S. Blystone, D., Dighton, J., Zhang, N. (2017) Root endophytic fungal communities associated with pitch pine, switchgrass and rosette grass in the pine barrens ecosystem, Fungal Biology 121: 478-487.

Malcolm, K. and Dighton, J. (2017) Ecology of Fungal Phylloplane Epiphytes In: The Fungal Community: its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. 4th Edition, ed. J. Dighton and J.W. White Jr., CRC Taylor and Francis pp. 159-168. 


Caplan, J.S. et al (2016) Nutrient foraging strategies of forest shrubs correspond to interspecific differences in productivity and population growth. Ann. Bot. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw271

Dighton, J. (2017) Fungi in Ecosystem Processes, 2nd Edition, CRC Taylor and Francis, 408pp.


Oberle, J., Dighton, J. Arbuckle-Keil (2015) Comparison of methodologies for separation of fungal isolates using Fourier transform infared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Fourier transform infared-attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) microspectroscopy. Fungal Biology 119:1100-1114.


Dighton, J., Adams Krumins, J. (Eds.) (2014) Interactions in Soil: Promoting Plant Growth. Springer 231pp.

Dighton, J. (2014) Introduction: Soils and their promotion of plant growth. In: Interactions in Soil: Promoting Plant Growth. Springer. pp: 1-26.


Oberle- Kilic, J, Dighton, J., Arbuckle-Keil, G. (2013) Atomic force microscopy and micro-ATR-FT-IR imaging reveals fungal enzyme activity at the hyphal scale of resolution. Mycology 4. 1-10, doi:10.1080/21501203.2012.759631

Dighton, J, Gordon, T, Mejia, R., Sobel, M. (2013) Mycorrhizal status of Knieskern’s beaked sedge (Rhynchospora knieskernii) in the New Jersey pine barrens. Bartonia 66:24-27.

Lee, K., Dighton, J. (2013) Advancement of functional genomics of a model species of Neurospora and its use for ecological genomics of soil fungi. In; B. A. Horwitz et al. (eds) Genomics of Soil- and Plant-Associated Fungi. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. Pp. 29-44.


Geng, Y., Dighton, J., Gray, D. (2012) The effects of thinning and soil disturbance on enzyme activities under pitch pine soil in New Jersey Pinelands Applied Soil Ecology 62 (2012) 1– 7

Dighton, J., Helmisaari, H.-S., Maghirang, M., Smith, S., Malcolm, K., Johnson, W., Quast, L.,
Lallier, B., Gray, D., Setälä, H., Starr, M., Luiro, J., Kukkola, M. (2012) Impacts of forest post thinning residues on soil chemistry, fauna and roots: Implications of residue removal in Finland. Applied Soil Ecology 60 (2012) 16– 22. Corrigendum: Applied Soil Ecology 62 (2012) 184

Gray, D.M., Swanson, J., Dighton, J. (2012) The influence of contrasting ground cover vegetation on soil properties in the NJ pine barrens. Applied Soil Ecology 60 (2012) 41– 48

Crane, S., Barkay, T. Dighton, J. (2012) The effect of mercury on the establishment of Pinus rigida seedlings and the development of their Ectomycorrhizal communities.  Fungal Ecology 5: 245-251.

Oberle-Kilic, J., Dighton, J., Arbuckle-Keil, G. (2012) Chemical characterization starch and starch:lignin filma using micro-attenuated Total Rweflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (micro-ATR FTIR) Trends in Biomaterials and Artificial Organs 26 (2) 107-109


Karpati, A. S., Handel, S. N., Dighton, J. & Horton, T. (2011) Quercus rubra/-associated ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of disturbed urban sites and mature forests. /Mycorrhiza/ 21:537–547 (DOI 10.1007/s00572-011-0362-6)

Landesman, W. & Dighton, J. (2011) Shifts in microbial biomass and bacteria:fungi ratio occur under field conditions within 3h after rainfall. / Microb. Ecol /. DOI 10.1007/s00248-011-9811-1

Zinati, G. M., Dighton, J. & Both, A-J. (2011) Fertilizer, irrigation, and natural ericaceous root and soil inoculums (NERS): effects on container-grown ericaceous nursery crop biomass, tissue nutrient concentration, and leachate nutrient quality. / HortScience / *46*; 799-807.

Dighton, J. (2011) Mycorrhiza In: M. Schaechter (ed) Eukaryotic Microbes, Academic Press. Pp. 73-83

Wang, Y., Boyd, E., Crane, S., Lu-Irving, P., Krabbenhoft, D., King, S., Dighton, J., Geesey, G. & Barkay, T. (2011) Environmental conditions constrain the distribution and diversity of Archaeal /merA/ in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, U.S.A. / Microb. Ecol /. *62*: 739-752.


Di Leo, K., Donat, K., Min-Venditti, A. & Dighton, J. (2010) Chytrid abundance and ecological integrity in New Jersey pine barrens waters and possible contributory environmental factors. Fungal Ecology 3: 295-301.

Landesman, W. J. & Dighton, J. (2010). Response of soil microbial communities and the production of plant-available nitrogen to a two-year rainfall manipulation in the New Jersey Pinelands. Soil Biol. Biochem. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.06.012

Crane, S., Dighton, J. & Barkay, T. (2010) Growth responses to and accumulation of mercury by ectomycorrhizal fungi. Fungal Biol. 114: 873-880.

Lee, K. & Dighton, J. (2010) Neurospora, a potential fungal organism for experimental and evolutionary ecology. Fungal Biology Reviews doi:10.1016/j.fbr.2010.09.001

Landesman, W. J., Treonis, A. M. & Dighton, J. (2010) Effects of a one-year rainfall manipulation on nematode abundancies and community composition. Pedobiologia doi:10.1016/j.pedobi.2010.10.002


Gray, D.M. and Dighton, J. (2009) Nutrient utilization by pine seedlings and soil microbes in oligotrophic pine barrens forest soils subjected to prescribed fire treatment. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41: 1957-1965. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.06.021

Adams-Krumins, J., Dighton, J., Gray, D.M., Franklin, R., Morin, P.J., Roberts, M. S. (2009) Soil microbial community response to nitrogen enrichment in two scrub oak forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 258: 1383-1390. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.06.046 2008

Lammers, K., Dighton, J. & Arbuckle-Keil, G. A. (2009) FT-IR study of the changes in carbohydrate chemistry of three New Jersey pine barrens leaf litters during simulated control burning. Soil Biol. Biochem. 41: 340-347.

Dighton, J. (2009) Evaluation of Mycorrhizal Symbioses as Defense in Extreme Environments. In; White, J. F. & Torres, M. (Eds.) Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis CRC Press

Dighton, J. (2009) Mycorrhizae In: (Moselio Schaechter, Editor), Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Elesevier, pp. 153-162


Nix-Stohr, S.; Moshe, R., and Dighton, J. (2008). Effects of propagule density and survival strategies on establishment and growth: further invetsigations in the phylloplane fungal model system. Microbial Ecology.  55:38-44.

Dighton, J. (2008). Mycorrhizae. In: Schaechter, M. (Ed). Encylopedia of Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Elsevier San Diego CA

Dighton, J.; Tugay, T., and Zhdanova, N. N. (2008). Interactions of fungi and radionuclides in soil. In: Dion, P. and Nautiyal, C. S. (Eds). Microbioogy of Extreme Soils. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag; 2008; pp. 333-355.

Dighton, J.; Tugay, T., and Zhdanova, N. N. (2008). Fungi and ionizing radiation from radionuclides. FEMS Microbial Letters. in press.


Dighton, J. (2007) Nutrient cycling by saprotrophic fungi in terrestrial habitats. In: Kubicek, C. P. & Druzhinina, I. S. (Ed.) The Mycota IV Environmental and Microbial Relationships (2nd Edn.) Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 287-300.


Jonsson, L. M., Dighton, J., Lussenhop, J. & Koide, R. T. (2006) The effects of leaf litters on the development of pitch pine ectomycorrhizal and soil arthropod communities in natural soil microcosm systems. Soil Biol. Biochem. 38: 134-144.

Gray, D. M., & Dighton, J. (2006) Mineralization of forest litter nutrients by heat and combustion. Soil Biol. Biochem. 38: 1469-1477.

Karpenko, Y. V.; Redchitz, T. I.; Zheltonozhsky, V. A.; Dighton, J., & Zhdanova, N. N. (2006) Comparative responses of microscopic fungi to ionizing radiation and light. Folia Microbiol. 51:45-49.

Tugay, T., Zhdanova, N. N., Zheltonozhsky, V., Sadovnikov, L., Dighton, J. (2006) The influence of ionizing radiation on spore germination and emergent hyphal growth response reactions of microfungi. Mycologia 98: 521-527.


Dighton, J., White, J. F. & Oudemans, P. (Ed.) (2005) The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. 3rd Edition. CRC Press. 936 pp.

Dighton, J., White, J. F. & Oudemans, P. (Ed.) (2005) Introduction. In: The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. 3rd Edition. Dighton, J., White, J. F. & Oudemans, P. (eds.), CRC Press.1-9

Baxter, J. W. & Dighton, J. (2005) Diversity-functioning relationships in ectomycorrhizal fungi. In: The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. 3rd Edition. Dighton, J., White, J. F. & Oudemans, P. (eds.), CRC Press. 383-398. Baxter, J. W. & Dighton, J. (2005) Phosphorus source alters host plant response to ectomycorrhizal diversity. Mycorrhiza 15: 513-523


Tuininga, A. R. & Dighton, J. (2004) Changes in ectomycorrhizal communities and nutrient availability following prescribed burning in two upland pine-oak forests in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Can. J. For. Res. 34:1755-1765.

Mc Hugh, J. M. & Dighton, J. (2004) Influence of mycorrhizal inoculation, inundation period, salinity and phosphorus availability on the growth of two salt marsh grasses, Spartina alterniflora Lois. and Spartina cynosuroides (L.) Roth. in nursery systems. Rest. Ecol. 12: 533-545.

Zhdanova, N. N., Tugay, T., Dighton, J., Zheltonozhsky, V. & McDermott, P. (2004) Ionizing radiation attracts fungi. Mycol. Res. 108: 1089, 1096.

Dighton, J., Tuininga, A. R., Gray, D. M., Huskins, R. E. & Belton, T. (2004) Impacts of atmospheric deposition on New Jersey pine barrens forest soils and communities of ectomycorrhizae. For. Ecol. Manage. 201: 131-144.

Garnett, E., Jonsson, L. M., Dighton, J. & Murnen, K. (2004) Control of pitch pine seed germination and initial growth exerted by leaf litters and polyphenoloic compounds. Biol. Fert. Soils 40: 421-426

Stohr, S, N. & Dighton, J (2004) Effects of Species Diversity on Establishment and Coexistence: A Phylloplane Fungal Community Model System Microb. Ecol.

Dighton, J. (2004) Book Review: Biodiversity of Fungi: Inventory and Monitoring Methods. Mycotaxon 90: 217-220.


Dighton, J. (2003) The Role of Fungi in Ecosystem Processes, Marcel Dekker


Tuininga, A. R., Dighton, J & Gray, D. M. (2002) Burn, moisture, and litter quality effects on N, P, and K uptake by pitch pine (Pinus rigida) seedlings in a greenhouse study. Soil Biol. Biochem. 34; 865-873.

Ruess, L., Haggblom, M., Garcia-Zapata, E. J. & Dighton, J. (2002) Fatty acids of fungi and nematodes possible biomarkers in the soil food chain. Soil Biol. Biochem. 34; 745-756.

Baxter, J. W., Pickett, S. T. A., Dighton, J. & Carreiro, M. M. (2002) Nitrogen and phosphorus availability in oak forest stands exposed to contrasting anthropogenic impacts. Soil Biol. Biochem. 34: 623-633.


Baxter, J. W. and J. Dighton. 2001. Ectomycorrhizal diversity alters the growth of gray birch (Betula populifolia Marshall) seedlings in experimental host-symbiont culture conditions. New Phytologist 152: 139-149.

Dighton, J., M. Mascarenhas, and G. A. Arbuckle-Keil.2001.Changing resources: assessment of leaf surface carbohydrate resource change at a microbial scale of resolution. Soil Biol. Biochem. 33: 1429-1432.


Conn, C. & Dighton, J. (2000) Litter quality influences on decomposition, ectomycorrhizal community structure and mycorrhizal root surface acid phosphatase activity. Soil Biol. Biochem. 32: 489-496. 

From our colleagues at USFS/Silas Little Experimental Forest 

Mueller,  E.V., N. Skowronski, J.C. Thomas, K.L. Clark, Gallagher, M.R., R.M. Hadden, W.E. Mell, and A. Simeoni. 2018Local measurements of wildland fire dynamics in a field-scale experiment.  Fire and Flame 194, 452-463. doi: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2018.05.028

Kenneth L. Clark, Heidi J. Renninger, Nicholas Skowronski, Michael Gallagher and Karina V.R. Schäfer.  2018.  Decadal-scale reduction in forest net ecosystem production following insect defoliation contrasts with short-term impacts of prescribed fires.  Forests 9, 145.  doi:10.3390/f9030145

Heilman, W.E., X. Bian, K.L. Clark, N.S. Skowronski, J.L. Hom, M. Gallagher.  2017.  Atmospheric Turbulence Observations in the Vicinity of Surface Fires in Forested Environments.  Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 56, 3133-3150.  doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0146.1

Simeoni, A., Z.C. Owens, E.W. Christiansen, A. Kemal, M. Gallagher, K. Clark, N.Skowronski, E.V. Mueller, J.C. Thomas, S. Santamaria, R. Hadden.  2017A preliminary study of wildland fire pattern indicator reliability following an experimental fire.  Journal of Fire Sciences 35, 359-378. doi: 10.1177/0734904117720674

Thomas, J.C., E.V. Mueller, S. Santamaria, M. Gallagher, M. El Houssami, A. Filkov, K. Clark, N. Skowronski, R. M. Hadden, W. Mell, and A. Simeoni.  2017 Investigation of Firebrand Generation from an Experimental Fire:  Development of a Reliable Data Collection Methodology.  Fire Safety Journal.  doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.04.002

Mueller, E.V., N. Skowronski, K. Clark, M. Gallagher, R. Kremens, J.C. Thomas, M. El Houssami, A.I. Filkov, Rory Hadden, W.E. Mell, and A. Simeoni.  2017. Utilization of remote sensing techniques for the quantification of fire behavior in two pine stands. Fire Safety Journal.  doi: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.076

Warner, T., N.S. Skowronski, and M. Gallagher. 2017. High spatial resolution burn severity mapping of the New Jersey Pine Barrens with WorldView-3 near infrared and shortwave infrared imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing 38, 598-616.  doi: 10.1080/01431161.2016.1268739

Filkov, A.I., S. Prohanov, E. Mueller, D. Kasymov, P. Martynov, M. El Houssami, J. Thomas, N. Skowronski, B. Butler, M. Gallagher, K. Clark, W. Mell, R. Kremens, R. Hadden, A. Simeoni.  2017. Investivation of Firebrand Production During Prescribed Fires Conducted in a Pine Forest. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 36, 3263-3270. doi: 10.1016/j.proci.2016.06.125

M. El Houssami, E. Mueller, A. Filkov, J.C Thomas, N. Skowronski, M. Gallagher, K. Clark, A. Simeoni.  2016.  Experimental Procedures Characterising Firebrand Generation in Wildland Fires.  Fire Technology. doi: 10.1007/s10694-015-0492-z

Skowronski, N.S., S.M. Haag, J. Trimble, K. Clark, M. Gallagher, and R. Lathrop. 2016Structure-level fuel load assessment in the wildland-urban interface: A fusion of airborne laser scanning and spectral remote sensing methodologies.  International Journal of Wildland Fire 25, 547-557.  doi: 10.1071/WF14078

Clark, K.L., N. Skowronski, M.R. Gallagher. 2015.  Fire Management and Carbon Sequestration the New Jersey Pine Barrens.  Journal of Sustainable Forestry 34, 125-146. doi:10.1080/10549811.2014.973607

Clark, K.L., N. S. Skowronski, M.R. Gallagher, H. Renninger, and K. V. R. Shafer. 2014.  Contrasting Effects of Invasive Insects and Fire on Ecosystem Water Use Efficiency.  Biogeosciences, 9565-9600.  doi:10.5194/bg-11-6509-2014

Clark, K. L., N. Skowronski, and M. Gallagher.  2014. History of the Fire Research Program at the Silas Little Experimental Forest, New Lisbon, New Jersey.  In, D. Hayes, S. Stout, R. Crawford, and A. Hoover, eds., “Research for the Long-Term:  The interplay of societal need and research on USDA Forest Service Experimental Forests and Ranges.”  Springer, New York.  ISBN 978-1-4614-1818-4

Skowronski, N.S., K.L. Clark, M. Gallagher, J.L.Hom, and R. Birdsey. 2014.  Airborne laser scanner-assisted estimation of aboveground biomass change in a temperate oak–pine forest.  Journal of Sensing and the Environment 151, 166-174. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.12.015

Thomas J.C., A. Simeoni, M. Gallagher, N. Skowronski.  2014.  An Experimental Study Evaluating the Burning Dynamics of Pitch Pine Needle Beds Using the FPA. Fire Safety Science 11, 1406-1419. doi: 0.3801/IAFSS.FSS.11-1406

Kiefer, M.T., S. Zhong, W. Heilman, J.J. Charney, X. Bian, N. Skowronski, J. Hom, M. Patterson, K. Clark, and M. Gallagher.  2014. Multiscale Simulation of a Prescribed Fire Event in the New Jersey Pine Barrens using ARPS-CANOPY. Journal of Applied Climatology 53, 793-812.  doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0131.1

Clark, K. L., N. Skowronski, M. Gallagher, H. Renninger, K. Schafer. 2012.  Effects of invasive insects and fire on forest energy exchange and evapotranspiration in the New Jersey Pinelands.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 166-167, 50-61. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.07.007